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Brain Injury Information

An Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is an injury caused to the brain since birth.

Every year, more than a million people attend hospital A&E departments in the UK following a brain injury.
Of these, around 135,000 people are admitted to hospital each year as a consequence of brain injury.

Those aged between 15 and 29 are three times more likely to sustain a brain injury than any other group and it is the foremost cause of death and disability in young people.

Types of Acquired Brain Injury

  • Traumatic Brain Injury – road traffic accidents, assaults, falls, sports or work related injuries
  • Aneurysm
  • Brain Tumour – benign or malignant
  • Stroke
  • Hypoxia or anoxia – lack of oxygen to the brain
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Encephalitus and other infections/viruses


What are the effects of brain injury?

The effects of an acquired brain injury can be wide ranging, and depend on a number of factors such as the type, location and severity of injury.

The outcome of a brain injury is difficult to predict as each injury is unique.

However, the effects of a brain injury can be divided roughly into three different categories.  Here are some of the more common effects;

• They may be physical:

Loss of co-ordination, muscle rigidity, paralysis, epilepsy, difficulty in speaking, loss of sight smell or taste, fatigue and sexual problems.

• They may be cognitive:

Problems with memory, attention and concentration, low tolerance of noisy or stressful environments, loss of insight and initiative, problems with planning and organisation.

• They may be to do with behaviour and personality:

Anxiety, depression, loss of motivation, difficulty controlling anger, and impulsivity.

To download the Effects of Brain Injury Factsheet click here

Brain injury doesn't just affect individuals; it can transform the lives of entire families.

Depending upon the severity of your relative's injury and its effects, you may have to make considerable changes to the way you live, such as becoming a part-time or full-time carer.

To go to the Headway UK website for more detailed information and to order booklets or view factsheets click here.

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